|تعداد مشاهده مقاله||7,639,280|
|تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله||5,858,441|
The Effects of Potassium Bromide on Biochemical Contents of the Fat Body and Haemolymph of Crossbreed Races of the Silkworm, Bombyx mori L.
|Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences|
|مقاله 3، دوره 4، شماره 1، فروردین 2006، صفحه 17-24 اصل مقاله (267.43 K)|
|Kochi S .C.؛ B. B. Kaliwal|
|Post-graduate Department of studies in Biotechnology and Microbiology, Karnatak University, Dharwad, 580 003,|
|Oral supplementation with potassium bromide (10, 20 and 40 ?g/ml) to fifth instar larvae of CSR2, CSR4 and CSR2xCSR4 crossbreed races of the silkworm, Bombyx mori resulted in a significant increase in the fat body glycogen in all the treated groups and in all the three races of the silkworm, B. mori. The fat body protein content was increased with 20 and 40 ?g/ml treated groups in CSR2 and CSR4 races and in all the treated groups in CSR2xCSR4 cdrossbreed race of the silkworm, B. mori. However, there was a decrease in fat body protein with 10 ?g/ml treated groups in CSR2 and CSR4 races. There was a significant increase in the haemolymph trehalose with 10 ?g/ml in CSR2 race, in all the treated groups in CSR4 race and with 20 and 40 ?g/ml treated groups in CSR2xCSR4 crossbreed race when compared over the respective carrier controls. There was also a significant increase in the haemolymph protein treated with 20 and 40 ?g/ml in CSR2 race, with 10 and 20 ?g/ml in CSR4 race and in all the treated groups in CSR2xCSR4 crossbreed race when compared over the respective carrier controls. There was a significant increase in the fat body total lipids with all the treated groups and in all the three races of the silkworm, but there was a significant decrease with 40 ?g/ml treated group in CSR2xCSR4 race of the silkworm, B. mori when compared over the respective carrier controls. These results indicated that the biochemical contents of the fat body and haemolymph to potassium bromide showed good response in all the three races of the silkworm, Bombyx mori L|
Bhattacharya, A. and Kaliwal, B. B.(2004) Influence of the mineral potassium permanganate on the biochemical constitutents in the fat body and haemolymph of the silkworm, Bombyx mori L. Int. J. Indust. Entomol. 9, 131-135.
Bhattacharya, A. and Kaliwal, B.B. (2005 a) The biochemical effects of potassium chloride on the silkworm, Bombyx mori L. Insect Science, 12, 95- 100.
Bhattacharya, A. and Kaliwal, B. B. (2005 b) Biochemical content of the fat body and haemolymph of silkworm (Bombyx mori L.) larvae fed with mulberry leaves fortified with mineral magnesium chloride (MgCl2). The Philippine Agricultural Scientist. 88, 337- 340.
Bhattacharya, A. and Kaliwal, B. B. (2005 c) Synergetic effects of potassium and magnesium chloride on biochemical contents of the silkworm, Bombyx mori L. Caspian J. Env. Sci. 3, 1- 7.
Bhattacharya, A. and Kaliwal, B. B. (2005 d) Influence of themineral potassium Kochi and Kaliwal 23 permanganate on the economic parameters of the silkworm, Bombyx mori L. Proc. National Conference on Sericulture for Global Competitiveness, 338- 340.
Chapman, R. F. (1998) The insect structure and function, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Dasmahapatra, A. K., Chakraborthi, m. k. and Medda, A. K. (1989) Effect of potassium iodide, cobalt chloride, calcium chloride and potassium nitrate on protein, DNA and RNA content of silkgland of silkworm (Bombyx mori L) Nistari race. Sericologia. 29, 355- 359.
Downer, R. G. H. (1979) Trehalose production in isolated fat body of the American cockroach, Periplaneta americana. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 62, 31- 34.
Etebari, K. and Fazilati, M. (2003) Effect of feeding of mulbery’s supplementary leaves with NP and K in some biological and biochemical characteristics of silkworm, Bombyx mori. J. Sci Technol Agric. and Natur. Resour. 7, 233- 244.
Folch, J., Less, M. and Sloane Stanley, G. H. (1957) A simple method for isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissue J. Biol. Chem. 226, 497- 509.
Gilbert, L. J. and Chino, P. (1974) Transport of lipids in insects J. Lipid Res. 15, 439-456.
Goudar, K. S. and Kaliwal, B. B. (2001) Effect of potassiu m nitrate on the biochemical parameters of the silworm, Bombyx mori L. Int. J. Indust. Entomol. 3 , 93- 96.
House, H. L. (1974) The physiology of Insecta 5, 2nd Edn. (Ed Rockstein M.) Academic press, New York, 63- 117.
Hugar, I. I., Nirwani, R. B. and Kaliwal, B. B. (1998) Effect of zinc chloride on the biochemical changes in the fat body and haemolymph of the bivoltine silkworm, B. mori L. Sericologia. 38, 299- 303.
Inagaki, S. and Yamashita, O. (1986) Metabolic shift from lipogenesis to glycogenesis in the last instar larval fat body of the silkworm, Bombyx mori. Insect Biochem. 16, 327- 331.
Ito, T. and Tanaka, M. (1959) Administration of the nutrients to the silkworm larvae. 1. Effect of the administration of glucose. Sanshi Shikenjo Hokuku. 15, 353- 364.
Ito, T. (1978) Silkworm Nutrition; in The silkworm an important Laboratory Tool, Tazima, Y (ed). pp. 121- 157,
Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo. Izhevskiy, S. S. (1976) The physiological effects of mineral salts on Leptinotarsa decemlineata(Coleoptrera, Chrysomelidae). Ecologiya. 4, 90 - 92.
Krishnaswami, S. (1978) New technology of silkworm rearing, Bulletin No.2, CSRTI Mysore, 1- 24.
Lowry, H., Rosebrough, N. I., Far, A.L. and Randall, R. J. (1951) Protein measurement with Folin phenol reagent, J. Biol. Chem. 193, 265- 275.
Murphy, T. A. and Wyatt, G. R. (1965) Theenzymes of glycogen and trehalose synthesis in silk moth fat body. J. Bio. Chem. 240, 1500– 1508.
Nirwani, R. B. and Kaliwal B. B. (1996) Increase of silk production and quantitative changes of carbohydrates and protein in fat body andhaemolymph after feeding potassium sulphate to bivoltine silkworm, B. mori L. Sericologia. 36, 523-530.
Padaki, P. R. (1991) Some aspects of physiology of the Eri silkworm, Philosamia ricini. PhD. Dissertation, Karnatak University, Dharwad, India. 48- 62.
Pant, R. and Morris I. D. (1969) Changes inactive phosphorylase activity and glycogen content during larval and pupal development of Philosamia ricini. J. Biochem. (Tokyo) 66, 29- 31.
Raghava Rao, D. (1983) Statistical Techniques in Agricultural and Biological Research, Oxford Publishing Co, New Delhi.
Raubenheimer, D. and Simpson, S. J. (1999) Integrating nutrition: a geometrical approach. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 91, 67- 82.
Roe, J. H. (1955) The determination of sugar in blood and spinal cord fluid with anthrone reagent. J. Biol. Chem. 242, 424- 428.
Sciefter, S. S. Dayton, B. Novic and Myntiyer E. (1950) The estimation of glycogen with the anthrone reagent. Arch. Biochem. 25, 191.
Thompson, S. N., Borchardt, D. B. and Wang, L. W. (2003) Dietarynutrient levels regulate protein and carbohydrate intale, gluconeogenic/glycolytic flux and blood trehalose level in the insect Manduca sexta L. J. Comp. Physiol. B 173, 149- 163.
Thompson, S. N. and Redak, R. A. (2000) Integration of dietary protein and carbohydrate determine blood sugar level and regulate nutrient selection in the insect Manduca sexta. L. Biochim Biophys. Acta 1523, 91- 102.
Wigglesworth, N. B. (1977) The principles of insect physiology 7th ed., Chapman and Hall, London.
Wyatt, G. R. (1967) The biochemistry of sugars and polyscchlorides in insects. Adv. Insect physiol. 4, 287- 360.
|Bombyx mori. Fat body؛ Glycogen؛ Haemolymph؛ Potassium bromide؛ Trehalose|
تعداد مشاهده مقاله: 2,008
تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله: 1,275