|تعداد مشاهده مقاله||7,642,352|
|تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله||5,860,545|
Lab Scale Studies on Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes Marts Solms) for Biotreatment of Textile Wastewater
|Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences|
|مقاله 2، دوره 3، شماره 2، تیر 2005، صفحه 83-88 اصل مقاله (296.74 K)|
|Q. Mahmood1؛ P. Zheng2؛ E. Islam3؛ Y. Hayat4؛ M. J. Hassan5؛ G. Jilani6؛ R.C. Jin7|
|1Department of Environmental Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310029, China; FG Post Graduate College sector H-8, Islamabad, Pakistan;|
|2Department of Environmental engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029|
|3College of Environment and Nutural Resource, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, China.|
|4Department of Math/Stat/Computer Science, N.W.F.P. Agric. University, Peshawar, Pakistan; College of Agriculture and Biotechnology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, China.|
|5College of Agriculture and Biotechnology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, China.|
|6College of Environment and Nutural Resource, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, China|
|7Department of Environmental engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, China|
|Textile wastewater contains substantial pollution loads in terms of Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD), Total Suspended Solids (TSS), Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) and heavy metals. Phytoremediation used for removing heavy metals and other pollutants by aquatic macrophytes treatment systems (AMATS) is well established environmental protective technique. A lab scale study was conducted to test the feasibility of water hyacinth for treating textile wastewater. The pH was reduced from alkaline to nearly neutral in all cases studied with the introduction of water hyacinth. The maximum reduction in the conductivity was 55.71% while the BOD and COD reduction ranged from 40 to 70%. A great deal of reduction in the total solids was noted in all the waste samples with a maximum reduction of 50.64%. Water hyacinth has tremendous potential to absorb heavy metals from the textile wastewater as it resulted in 94.78% reduction of chromium, 96.88 % in zinc and 94.44 % reduction in copper. ANOVA showed a significant (p<0.05) reduction in all the pollutants with the passage of time. Thus water hyacinth can be an efficient biological agent in reducing the pollution loads in textile industry wastewater|
Ali, M. M. and Soltan, M. E. (1999) Heavy metals in aquatic macrophytes, water and hydrosoils from the river Nile, Egypt. J. Union Arab Biol. 9, 99- 115.
Bates R. P. and Hentges J. F. (1976) Aquatic weeds- Eradicate or Cultivate. Econ. Bot., 30, 39- 50. Brix, H. and Schierup, H. (1989) The use of aquatic Macrophytes in water pollution control. Ambio, 18 , 100- 107.
Dinges, R. (1976) Water hyacinth culture for wastewater treatment. Texas department of Health Resources, Austin, Texas, USA.
Hammer, D. A. (1992) Designing constructed wetlands systems to treat agricultural nonpoint source pollution. Ecol. Eng. 1, 49– 82.
Ingole N. W. and Bhole A. G. (2003) Removal of heavy metals from aqueous solution by water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes), J Water SRT – Aqua, 52, 119- 128
Eaton, A. D. (1995) Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 19th Edition American Public Health Association USA, pp. 6-90.
Kojima T. (1986) Generation of methane gas from water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes), Production of methane gas from combination of water hyacinth and fowl droppings. Bulletin of the Faculty of agriculture, Saga University, Japan. 61, 1-8.
Kumar, P. and Garde, R. J. (1989) Potentials of water hyacinth for sewage treatment. 88 Biotreatment of Textile Wastewater Research Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation, 61, 1702- 1706.
Mahmood Q., Ping, Z., Siddiqi M. R., Islam E. M. Rashid and Hayat, Y. (2005). Anatomical studies on water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes Mart. Solms) under the influence of textile wastewater, J. Zhejiang Univ Sci. 2005 6, 991- 998
Mandi, L. (1994) Marrakesh wastewater purification experiment using vascular aquatic plants Eichhornia crassipes and Lemna gibba. Water, Science & Technology, 29, 283- 287.
Middlebrooks, E. J. (1995) Upgrading pond effluents: An overview. Water, Science & Technology, 31, 353-368.
Reddy, K.R. (1981) Doil variations in physiochemical parameters of water in selected aquatic systems. Hydrobiologia, 85, 201-207
Reddy, K.R. (1983) Fate of nitrogen and phosphorus in wastewater retention reservoir containing aquatic macrophytes. J. Environ. Qual. 12, 137- 141.
Soltan, M .E. and Rashed, M. N (2003) Laboratory study on the survival of water hyacinth under several conditions of heavy metal concentrations, Adv. Environ Res., 7, 82- 91.
Sooknah, R. D. and Wilkie, A. C. (2004). Nutrient removal by floating aquatic macrophytes cultured in anaerobically digested flushed dairy manure wastewater, Ecological Engineering 22, 27– 42
Trivedy, R. K. and Gudekar, V. R. (1985) Water hyacinth for wastewater treatment. A review of the progress. Environmental Publications, Karad, India., 110- 145
Tripathi, B. D. and Shukla, S. C. (1991) Biological treatment of wastewater by selected aquatic plants, Environmental Pollution, 69, 69- 78.
Tchobanoglous, G., Maitski, F., Thompson, K. and Chadwick, T. H. (1989) Research Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation, 61, 1625- 1635.
Vesk, P. A., Nockold, C. E. and Aaway, W. G. (1999) Metal localization in water hyacinth roots from an urban wetland, Plant Cell Environ, 22, 149- 158.
Wolverton, B. C. and McDonald, R. C. (1979) The water hyacinth: From prolific pest to potential provider, Ambio, 8, 1- 12.
WHO (1984) Guidelines for drinking Water Quality. Volume 3, Water Quality Control in Small-Community Supplies, World Health Organization, Geneva.
Yahya M.N. (1990) The absorption of metal ions by Eichhornia crassipes, Chem. Speciation Bioavailability, 2, 82- 91.
Zhenbim, W., Yicheng, X., Jiaqi, D., Qijun, Z and Xitao, C. (1993) Studies on wastewater treatment by means of integrated biological pond system: design and function of macrophytes. Water Science and Technology, 27, 97- 105.
|AMATS؛ Biological wastewater treatment؛ Biotreatment؛ textile wastewater؛ water hyacinth|
تعداد مشاهده مقاله: 2,977
تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله: 2,481