|تعداد مشاهده مقاله||7,855,603|
|تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله||6,018,912|
A floristic study of Garasmasar Mountains: Mazandaran Province, Iran
|Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences|
|دوره 21، شماره 3، مهر 2023، صفحه 693-709 اصل مقاله (1.16 M)|
|نوع مقاله: Research Paper|
|شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): 10.22124/cjes.2023.6957|
|Mohammad Saleh Aghajani1؛ Roghayeh Oskoueiyan* 1؛ Alireza Naqinezhad2؛ Mahmoud Asadi3؛ Fariba Serpooshan3|
|1Department of Biology, Ayatollah Amoli Branch, Islamic Azad University, Amol, Iran|
|2Department of Plant Science, Faculty of Basic Sciences, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran|
|3Department of Biology, Tonekabon Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon, Iran|
|Garasmasar mountainous area is located at 40 km southwest of Ramsar, west of Mazandaran Province, Iran with an altitude ranging from 1580 to 2850 m. The complicated topography and habitat heterogeneity led to the formation of diverse vegetation types in the area. The field data were collected by 30 phytosociology plots with an area of 25 m2 and also field sampling. Based on this two-year samplings in this region, 426 species belonging to 211 genera and 47 families were identified. In total, dicotyledons by 349 taxa, monocotyledons by 72, pteridophyte by 3, and gymnosperms by 2 species were observed. In this area, the most richness families were Asteraceae (52 species), Poaceae (42 species), Lamiaceae (39 species), Rosaceae (34 species), Fabaceae (29 species), and Brassicaceae (28 species), respectively. The floristic composition of the area was strongly influenced by a large number of Irano-Turanian by 211 species (50%), Irano-Turanian/Euro-Siberian elements by 83 species (20%), and the pluriregional by 50 species (12%). Based on Raunkiaer life form classification, hemicryptophytes and therophytes by 58% and 19% were the dominant life forms in Garasmasar altitudes respectively. This study area is one of the most diverse and inaccessible mountainous regions on the northern slopes of the Alborz range and could be considered as a protected area in the future.|
|Subalpine flora؛ Floristic study؛ Garasmasar؛ Ecotone؛ Alborz Mountain range|
Abolhasani, F, Kharazian, N & Jalilian, N 2021, Floristic studies, life forms and chorology of Kouh-payeh area in Isfahan Province, Iran. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences, 19: 59-73
Aghajantabar, AH, MohseniSaravi, M, Chaichi, MR & Heidari, G 2015, Grazing pressure effect on soil physical and chemical characteristics and vegetation cover in Vaz Watershed, Mazandaran Province. Journal of Watershed Management Research, 6: 111- 123.
Ahvazi, M, Mozafarian, V & Charkhchian, MM 2015, The investigation of flora in Roodbar Alamut region, Ghazvin, Iran, Nova Biologica Reperta, 2: 48-63
Akbarzadeh, M 2007, Study the flora, life forms, chorology of summer rangeland plants in Vaz (Mazandaran Province). Pajouhesh and Sazandegi, 75: 198-199.
Archibold, OW 1995, Mediterranean ecoscosystems, In Ecology of world vegetation, Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 64-131.
Asadi, H, Hosseini, SM, Esmailzadeh, O & Ahmadi, A 2011, Flora, Life form and chorological study of Box tree (Buxus hyrcanus Pojark.) sites in Khybus protected forest, Mazandaran. Journal of Plant Biology, 3: 27-40.
Assadi, M, Massoumi, AA, Khatamsaz, M & Mozaffarian, V 1988-2015, Flora of Iran. Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands Publication, Tehran, Iran.
Assareh, MH 2006, Plant diversity of Iran: Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Tehran, Iran.
Ataei, A, Kazemnezhad, F, Nimvari, ME & Sheykholeslami, A 2021, Ecotones and forest communities along an elevation gradient in Hyrcanian forests, north of Iran. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences, 19: 317-323
Davis, PH 1965-1988, Flora of Turkey and East Aegean Islands, Vols. 1–10. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
Gauch, HG & Gauch Jr, HG 1982, Multivariate analysis in community ecology (No. 1), Cambridge University Press.
Ghahreman, A & Attar, F 1999, Biodiversity of plant species in Iran, Vols. 1-2, Tehran University Publication, Tehran.
Ghahreman, A 1978-2002, Colorful Flora of Iran, Volume 1-25. Publications of Forests and Rangelands Research Institute, Tehran, Iran.
Ghahremaninejad, F, Bidarlord, M & Attar, F 2012, Floristic study of steppe parts of Lissar protected area (N. Iran), Rostaniha, 13: 164-188.
Ghahremaninejad, F, Naqinezhad, AR, Bahari, SH & Esmaeili, R 2011, An introduction to flora, life form, and distribution of plants in two protected lowland forests, Semeskandeh and Dasht-e Naz, Mazandaran N. Iran, Taxonomy and Biosystematics, 3: 53-70.
Gilli, A 1939, The plant communities of the high region of the Alborz Mountains in northern Iran, supplements to the botanical Centralblatt, 59: 317-344.
Habibi, M, Sattarian, A, Ghorbani Nohooji, M & Gholam Alipour Alamdari, E 2013, Introduction of floristic, life form and chorology of plants in the ecosystems of Paband National Park, Mazandaran Province, Journal of Plant Ecosystem Conservation, 1: 47-72.
Hamzeh, b 1995, Plant communities of Qeshm Island, their relationship with some ecological factors and preparation of vegetation map, MSc. Dissertation, Faculty of Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
İkinci, N & GÜNER, A 2007, Flora of the Gölcük Area (Bolu, Turkey), Turkish Journal of Botany, 31: 87-107.
Jafari, SM & Akhani, H 2008, Plants of Jahan Nama protected area, Golestan Province, N. Iran, Pakistan Journal of Botany, 40: 1533-1554.
Klein, JC 2001, The altitudinal vegetation of the central Alborz (Iran): between the Iranotouranian and Euro-Siberian regions. French Institute of Research in Iran, Teheran. Kotschy T (1861a) the vegetation of western Alborz in northern Persia, Plant Systematics and Evolution, 11: 105-117, Komarov, VL 1933-1964, Flora of USSR, vols. 1-21. Izdate٫stvo Akademi, Nauk, Russia.
Kudryavtsev, NA, Zaitseva, LA, Savoskina, OA, Chebanenko, SI & Zavertkin, IA 2021 Herbological and agrotechnological approaches to weeding plants in modern flax growing. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences, 19: 903-908.
Mirhashemi, H, Moradi, F, Pourbabaei, H, Mezbani, F 2021, Changes in flora, life forms and geographical distribution of herbaceous plant species along an altitudinal gradient in oak forests, Iran. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences, 19 : 619-627
Misra, KC 1974, Manual of plant ecology. Oxford and IBH Publishing, New Delhi, India.
Mobayen, P 1981, Plant Geography, including the Expansion of the Plant World, Ecology, Phytosociology, and the Main Lines of Iranian Growth, Second Edition, University of Tehran Press, 271 p.
Moradi, A, Hamzeh, B, Mozaffarian, VA & Afsharzadeh S 2017, Floristic study of pastures above timberline of Lomir watershed, Journal of Plant Research (Iranian Journal of Biology), 30: 656-673.
Naderi, R, Rahiminejad, MR, Eslami, B & Afsharzadeh, S 2012, Flora and vegetation of Golestanak (Alborz Mts), Iran, Phytologia Balcanica, 18: 59-68.
Naqinezhad, A, Zare-Maivan, H & Gholizadeh, H 2015, A floristic survey of the Hyrcanian forests in Northern Iran, using two lowland-mountain transects, Journal of Forestry Research, 26: 187-199.
Naqinezhad, AR, Hosseini, S, Rajamand, MA & Saeidi Mehrvarz, S 2010, A floristic study on Mazibon and Sibon protected forests, Ramsar, across the altitudinal gradient (300-2300 m), Taxonomy and Biosystematics, 2: 93-114.
Nazarian, H, Ghahreman, A, Atri, M & Assadi M 2004, Ecological factors affecting parts of vegetation in north Iran (Elika and Duna Watersheds) by employing ecophytosociological method, Pakistan Journal of botany, 36: 41-64.
Noroozi, J, Akhani, H & Willner, W 2010, Phytosociological and ecological study of the high alpine vegetation of Tuchal Mountains (Central Alborz, Iran), Phytocoenologia, 40: 293-321.
Noroozi, J, Akhani, H & Breckle, SW 2008, Biodiversity and phytogeography of the alpine flora of Iran, Biodiversity and Conservation, 17: 493-521.
Raunkiaer, C 1934, The life forms of plants and statistical plant geography, Oxford, Charendon Press, London.
Rechinger, KH (ed.) 1963-2015, Flora Iranica. Akademisch Druck-u verlagsanstalt, Graz. Vols. 1-179.
Stace, CA 1989, Plant Taxonomy and Biosystematics 2nd, Edvard Arnold, Landon, p. 387.
Takhtajan, A. 1986, Floristic regions of the World, University of California Press, Berkeley.
Townsend, CC, Guest, E & Al-Rawi, A 1966–1985, Flora of Iraq, vols: 1–10, Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Iraq, Baghdad.
Zohary, M 1973, Geobotanical foundations of the Middle East, Vols, 1-2. Gustav Fischer Verlag.
تعداد مشاهده مقاله: 127
تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله: 222