|تعداد مشاهده مقاله||7,364,643|
|تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله||5,714,669|
Interactive effects of mulching and deficit irrigation on yield, oil content and water use efficiency of Sesame in a semiarid environment
|Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences|
|دوره 21، شماره 1، فروردین 2023، صفحه 85-93 اصل مقاله (826 K)|
|نوع مقاله: Research Paper|
|شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): 10.22124/cjes.2023.6198|
|Saman M. Karim* 1؛ Tariq. H. Karim2|
|1Department of Natural Resources, College of Agricultural Engineering Sciences, Sulaimani University, Iraq|
|2Department of Soil and Water, College of Agricultural Engineering Sciences, Salahaddin University, Iraq|
|To increase food and nutritional demands of the growing population, a significant part of agricultural research should focus on improving water use efficiency. Few studies have involved the simultaneous use of mulch and deficit irrigation in the semiarid environment to conserve water without yield penalties. Accordingly, a field experiment was conducted over a silty clay soil at the outskirt of Sulaimani, Iraqi Kurdistan region during the summer season of 2021 to evaluate the impact of deficit irrigation levels [(100%, 80%, 60 and 40% of full irrigation (FI)] and straw mulch (with and without) on seed yield, quality traits of sesame, Sesamum indicum L. besides its water use efficiency. The results indicated that there was a steady decrease in sesame with a decrease in the amount of applied water with and without mulch. The water use efficiency increased by water deficit level from 100 to 60% of FI and declined at 40% of FI with and without mulch. Mulch offered a better performance compared to no mulch in terms of crop yield, water use efficiency and oil content. The crop response factor (ky) values were 0.849 and 0.785 with no- and with- mulch respectively. Based on these findings, it is recommended to apply deficit irrigation in combination with mulching practice as an approach of water savaging for agriculture in regions with limited water resources.|
|Sesame؛ Deficit irrigation؛ Water use efficiency؛ Crop response factor؛ Mulching|
Abd El Mageed, TA & Semida, WM 2015, Effect of deficit irrigation and growing seasons on plant water status, fruit yield and water use efficiency of squash under saline soil. Scientia Horticulture, 186: 89-100.
Abdal-Mnam Hassan, M, Yaqub, MT, Alalwany, AAM, Mosab, M 2022, Survey and characterization of water resources and soils around Wadi Rehana region in the western desert of Iraq. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences, 20: 265-274.
Allen, RG, Pereira, LS, Raes, D & Smith, M 2006, Evapotranspiratión del cultivar: Guides for the determination of the requirements of water in the cultivars. Rome: FAO, 298 p., Studio FAO. Riego y Drenaje, 56, [In Italian].
Allen, RG, Pereira, LS, Raes, D & Smith, M 1998, "Crop evapotranspiration: Guidelines for computing crop water requirements” FAO Irrigation and drainage paper 56, Rome, Italy.
Ameer Abbas, GA 2022, Assessment of land sensitivity to desertification for Al Mussaib project using MEDALUS approach. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences, 20: 177-196.
Bezerra, AS, Dantas Neto, J, Azevedo, CAV, Silva, MBR & Silva, MM 2010, Cited in and water needs of sesame under different irrigation regimes: III. Production and hydric efficiency. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 12:1158-1163.
Dalaly, BK & Al Hakim, SH 1987, Food analysis. Ministry of Higher education and Scientific Research. University of Mosul.
Dickerson, GW 1996, Mulches for Gardens and landscapes. Guide H-121, cooperative extension services, NMSU. Las Cruces, New Mexico.
Doorenbos, J & Kassam, A 1979, Yield response to water, irrigation and drainage. Paper No. 33, FAO, Rome, Italy, 193 p.
Elshamlyl, AMS, Gameh, MA, Ghallab, A & El Samman, TA 2013, Impact of deficit irrigation on sesame growth, yield and water relations under toshka climatic conditions. Assiut Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 47: 7-101.
FAO 2017, Water for sustainable food and agriculture water for sustainable food and agriculture. Report Provided by G20 Presidency, pp. 10-15.
Geerts, S & Raes, D 2009, Deficit irrigation as an on-farm strategy to maximize crop water productivity in dry areas. Agricultural Water Management, 96: 1275-1284.
Golombek & Al Ramamneh 2002, Drought tolerance mechanisms of pearl millet. University of Kassel, Institute of Crop Science, Germany.
Hailu, EK, Urga, YD, Sori, NA, Borona, FR & Tufa, KN 2018, Sesame yield response to deficit irrigation and water application techniques in irrigated agriculture, Ethiopia. International Journal of Agronomy, pp. 1- 6.
Igbadun, HE, Salim, BA, Tarimo, AKPR, Mahoo, HF 2008, Effects of deficit irrigation scheduling on yields and soil water balance of irrigated maize. Irrigation Science, 27: 11-23.
IPCC 2014, Intergovernmental panel on climate change. Impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability: contribution of working group ii to the fifth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 1: 1-44.
Kirda, C & Kanber, R 2000, Water, no longer a plentiful resource, should be used sparingly irrigated agriculture. In: Crop Yield Response to Deficit Irrigation. ISBN: 978-94-010-5996-1.
Pereira, JR, Guerra, HOC, Zonta, JH, Bezerra, JRC, Almeidia, ES & Araujos, WP 2017, Behavior and water need of sesame under different irrigation regimes: III. Production and hydric efficiency. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 13:1158-1163.
Ramalan, AA, Nega2, H & Oyebode, MA 2010, Effect of deficit irrigation and mulch on water use and yield of drip irrigated onions. WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, 134: 39-50.
Seyfi, K & Rashidi, M 2007, Effect of drip irrigation and plastic mulch on crop yield and yield components of Cantaloupe. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 9, 1560–8530/2007/09–2–247–249, http://www.fspublishers.org
Shammout, MW, Qtaishat, T, Rawabdeh, H & Shatanawi, M 2018, Improving Water Use Efficiency under Deficit Irrigation in the Jordan Valley. Sustainability, 10: 4317.
Smith, M & Steduto P 2012, Yield response to water: the original FAO water production function," FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper, 66.
Suleiman, IT, Oyebode, MA, Yahaya, NM, Idris, UD & Ajikashile, JO 2021, Effect of mulch and deficit irrigation on yield and water use efficiency of cowpea under gravity drip irrigation system. FUW Trends in Science & Technology Journal. 6: 296-300.
Oweis, T 1994, “Supplemental irrigation: an option for improved water use efficiency,” in Proceedings of Regional Seminar on the Optimization of Irrigation in Agriculture, pp. 21–24, Amman, Jordan, November 1994.
Taiz, L & Zeiger E 2009, Fisiologia vegetal. 4th Edition, Porto Alegre: Artmed, 848 p.
Uçan, K, Killi, F, Gençoglan, C, Merdun, H 2007, Effect of irrigation frequency and amount on water use efficiency and yield of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) under field conditions. Field Crops Research, 101: 249-258.
UNESCO 1979, Map of the world distribution of arid regions: Map at scale 1: 25,000,000 with explanatory note. MABTechnical Notes 7, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Paris.
Vahdati, A, Mohebalipour, N, Amiri, A, Ebadi, A.A, Faramarzi, A 2021, Evaluation of end-of-season drought stress tolerance in some rice genotypes, north of Iran. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences, 19: 341-352
Zaman, WU, Arshad, M & Saleem, K, 2001 Distribution of nitrate – nitrogen in the soil profile under different irrigation methods. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 2: 208-209.
تعداد مشاهده مقاله: 180
تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله: 338