|تعداد مشاهده مقاله||7,637,874|
|تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله||5,857,406|
The double infection diagnosis, fungal and insect on date palm offshoot Phoenix dactylifera with treatment pesticides and practical technique
|Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences|
|دوره 20، شماره 4، دی 2022، صفحه 855-858 اصل مقاله (1.06 M)|
|نوع مقاله: Research Paper|
|شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): 10.22124/cjes.2022.5779|
|Iyad Abid Almuhsin Ahmed* ؛ Methaq J Al-Jboori؛ Zina Kh. AlBahadly|
|College of Science, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, IRAQ|
|This study was carried out several times in the field during September 2019 in Baghdad Governorate and these data are the results of the last observation in the field. Cultivation of palm offshoots of the yellow Barhi variety, the first strain in quality and production were the number offshoots was 75, 25-40 kg weighed, which were divided into three groups, each one was 25 offshoots. The first group was subjected to a comparison treatment (control), while in the second group the offshoots were treated by immersion before planting with a solution containing a systemic fungicide (Biltanol) at a concentration of 1 mL L-1, and then immersed in a solution containing a type of insecticide (Cinfidor) at a concentration of 1 mL L-1 and then planted and controlled after 2 months of planting by the same pesticides and with the same concentration. In the case of third group, it was controlled after 2 months of planting with the same pesticides above, and after a year of planting and services. A success rate was obtained as 60%, 100% and 96% in the first, second and third treatment consecutively. The insect was diagnosed as a red scale parlatotoria Blanchardi, while the fungus was diagnosed in the laboratory by a direct examination and using a light microscope as Fusarium oxysporium. The aim of the study was to reduce the number of dead offshoots after planting in the field.|
|Double infection؛ Fungal؛ Insect؛ Date Palm Offshoot؛ Phoenix dactylifera؛ Pesticides|
Al Bakir, AA 1962, Iraq date palm. Ministry of Agriculture Magazine, 63 p.
Al Bakir, AA 1972, Date palm, present futures trading and planting. Baghdad, Iraq, 32 p.
Al Haydary et al. 1983, date palm offshoot and problem of expended to date palm Orchard. First lecture in SAK 23-25 March 1983, pp. 694-697.
Al-Rubaye, TS Al-Rubaye, D, Shaker, M & Risan, MH 2022, Screening for bioactive secondary metabolites in Actinomycetes isolated from soils around old buckthorn and palm trees. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences, 20: 519-526.
Al Salmany, IN 1997, Study of some factors are effect on rooting offshoots of date palm, MSc. Dissertation, Iraq.
Alwahshi, KJ, Saeed, EE, Arjun, Sham, A, Alblooshi, MM, El Tarabily, KhA & AbuQamar, S 2019, Molecular Identification and Disease Management of Date Palm Sudden Decline Syndrome in the United Arab Emirates, International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 20: 923
Alyasiri, II, Najat, AS, Ahmed, ZI & Ahmed, RN 2016, Identification and Diagnosis of Some Pathological Phenomena on the Date Palm caused by Fusarium Species in Iraq. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 5: 692-70.
Blumberg, A 2008, Date palm Arthropod pests and their management. Entomology, pp. 411-448.
Chandler, W 1958, Production of evergreen orchard. Translation book by Arabic Office for Publishing, Cairo, Egypt.
El Shafie, HAF, Abdel Banat, BMA & Al Hajhoj, MR 2017, Arthropod pests of date palm and their management. Date palm centre research excellence, King Faisal University. Al Hofuf, 31982- Alihsaa. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Guettouchietal, A 2018, physiological and anatomical effects of Parlatoria blancherd Tang. on Deglet Nour variety of date palm in Biskra region. URI: http://dspace.univ-msila.dz:8080//xmlui/handle/123456789/14927.
Ines, BC, Amine, E, Imen, A, Lamia, K, Ahmed, N, Frederique, C, Noureddine, D, Néji, G & Tatiana, V 2013, Fungal diversity in adult date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) revealed by culture-dependent and culture-independent approaches. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 14.
Kalib, H 1980, Planting of date palm. Practical of date palm planting. Political copy office, Kuwait.
Kibblewhite, MG, Ritz, K & Swift, MJ 2008, Soil health in agricultural systems. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B, Biological Sciences, 363: 685-701.
Mahfoud, B, Mohamed Azzedine, I & Abdellah, K 2018, First attempts to repel scale insets using plant extract: effect on the date palm scale Parlatoria blanchardi Tang. (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) search (2018).
Maslienko, LV, Voronkova, AK, Datsenko, LA & Efimtseva, EA 2021, Antagonistic effect of the promising fungal producer strain of micro-bio-preparation T-1 Trichoderma sp. on oil flax Fusarium blight. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences, 19: 883-890
Matter, AA 1991, Planting and production of date palm. Wisdom Copy Office, Basra, Iraq.
Syeda, FM 2019, Mycoflora Associated with Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera) from Ad Darb, Jizan, Saudi Arabia, Microbiology Research Journal International, Past name: British Microbiology Research Journal, 27: 1-11.
Van Seventer, JM & Hochberg, NS 2017, Principles of Infectious Diseases: Transmission, Diagnosis, Prevention, and Control. International Encyclopaedia of Public Health, 22–39. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-803678-5.00516-6.
تعداد مشاهده مقاله: 338
تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله: 313