|تعداد مشاهده مقاله||7,864,698|
|تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله||6,024,076|
Trypsin-based diet for the growth indices of Spanish mackerel
|Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences|
|دوره 20، شماره 4، دی 2022، صفحه 821-826 اصل مقاله (696.53 K)|
|نوع مقاله: Research Paper|
|شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): 10.22124/cjes.2022.5772|
|Waleed K. Alkhafaje* 1؛ Holya A. Lafta2؛ Ali Abdulhussain Fadhil3؛ Ali Hussein Adhab4؛ Ali Jalil Obaid5؛ Rahman S. Zabibah6؛ Enas R. Alwaily7؛ Doha Karim Khodir8؛ Heba Takleef al salami9؛ Mansour Almouh10؛ Hamdan Naef11؛ Mahmoud M. Abbas12|
|1Anesthesia Techniques Department, Al-Mustaqbal University College, Babylon, Iraq|
|2Al-Nisour University College, Baghdad, Iraq|
|3College of Medical Technology, Medical Lab Techniques, Al-farahidi University, Iraq|
|4Department of Medical Laboratory Technics, Al-Zahrawi University College, Karbala, Iraq|
|5Medical Laboratory Techniques Department, Hilla University College, Babylon, Iraq|
|6Medical Laboratory Technology Department, College of Medical Technology, The Islamic University, Najaf, Iraq|
|7Microbiology Research Group, College of Pharmacy, Al-Ayen University, Thi-Qar, Iraq|
|8Department of Pharmacy, Ashur University College, Baghdad, Iraq|
|9Altoosi University College, Najaf, Iraq|
|10College of Veterinary Medicine, Hama University, Hama, Syria|
|11College of Veterinary Medicine, Al Furat University, Deirez-Zor, Syria|
|12Plant Nutrition Department, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt|
|To protect the sustainability of the aquaculture industry, fishmeal is being replaced with alternative feed ingredients such as plant-based protein components. However, most plant-based feedstuffs contain a wide array of anti-nutritional factors. These factors can potentially hinder nutrient consumption, which in turn can interfere with fish health and performance. Protease enzyme supplements can reverse the impacts of anti-nutritional factors and enhance fish growth. This study aimed to incorporate the trypsin enzyme into the food of Spanish mackerel and explore its effects on growth factors, body composition, and blood biochemical parameters. This study was a fully-randomized experiment with three treatments and three replications. This experiment was carried out as a completely randomized design with three treatments and three replications, and the trypsin enzyme was added to the fish diet at different levels: 0%, 0.015%, and 0.025%. For a timeframe of 60 days, the fish were given experimental diets. The growth indices considered were: specific growth rate (SGR), protein efficiency ratio (PER), condition factor (CF), feed conversion ratio (FCR), weight gain percentage (WGP), and hepatic steatosis index (HSI). The results showed that FCR, PER, SGR, and WGP at enzyme levels of 0.015% and 0.025% were substantially different from the control group.|
|Protease؛ enzyme؛ Trypsin؛ Fish diet؛ Spanish mackerel|
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