|تعداد مشاهده مقاله||7,633,655|
|تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله||5,854,478|
Heavy metal concentrations in water, sediments, Cladophora and two fish species from Al-Masab Alamm River, Al- Nassiriya, Iraq
|Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences|
|دوره 20، شماره 4، دی 2022، صفحه 805-812 اصل مقاله (712.18 K)|
|نوع مقاله: Research Paper|
|شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): 10.22124/cjes.2022.5768|
|Sanaa Talib Jawad* 1؛ Ahmed F. Shihab2؛ Qasim Muhammad Al-Taher3|
|1Department of Biology, College of Education for Pure Sciences, University of Thi-Qar. Iraq|
|2General Directorate of Education, Thi-Qar. Iraq, Ministry of Education, Iraq|
|3Department of biology, College of basic Education/ University of Sumer, Iraq|
|Heavy metal pollution is a serious threat for human health relating to their toxicity and bioaccumulation in the food chain which made this problem as global public health issue. The current study aimed to determine the heavy metal concentrations and their toxicity in water, sediment, Cladophora and the gill, liver and muscle of Liza abu and Barbus barbus in Al-Masab Alamm River, Al Nassiriya, Iraq. The samples were included thirty fishes and there were three selected sample stations covered the area on the river. The heavy metal levels were determined using an atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS). The results showed that the heavy metal concentrations in water, sediment, algae and the sampled fishes exceeded the acceptable levels for World Health Organization and Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Heavy metal levels were estimated in different tissues of fish. The results revealed that most of the heavy metal concentrations were high in gills, liver and muscles respectively. Lead and copper accumulated higher in liver than in the other tissues. |
|Heavy metals؛ Water؛ Sediment؛ Fish؛ Cladophora|
Ali, H, Khan, E & Ilahi, I 2019, Environmental chemistry and ecotoxicology of hazardous heavy metals: environmental persistence, toxicity, and bioaccumulation. Journal of Chemistry, Article ID 6730305, 14 pages, https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/6730305.
Abdel Baki, AS, Dkhill, MA & Al Quraishy, S 2011, Bioaccumulation of some heavy metals in tilapia fish relevant to their concentration in water and sediment of Wadi Hanifah, Saudi Arab. African Journal of Biotechnology, 10: 2541 -2547.
Al Naggar, Y, Khalil, MS & Ghorab, MA 2018, Environmental pollution by heavy metals in the aquatic ecosystems of Egypt. Open Access Journal of Toxicology, 3: 555603.
Aleem, AA 1978, Marine algae from Obhor, in the vicinity of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Bulletin of Faculty of Science, KAU, Jeddah, 2: 539.
Ali, AN 2007, Ecological study on some water characteristics used in fish farms and their relation to fish productivity. PhD Dissertation, Chemistry Department, Faculty of Sciience, Al-Azhar University, Egypt, 165 p.
Alkarkhi, AF, Ismail, N, Ahmed, A & Mat Easa, A 2009, Analysis of heavy metal concentrations in sediments of selected estuaries of Malaysia—a statistical assessment. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 153: 179-185.
Al Saad, HT & Al Nagare, GA 2010, Concentration of Cd, Co, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni in the muscle of freshwater fish from Al-Hammar marshes, southern Iraq, Marsh Bulletin, 23: 363-376.
Al Yousuf, MH, El Shahawi, MS & Al Ghais, SM 2000, Trace elements in liver, skin and muscle of Lethrinus lentjan fish species in relation to body length and sex. Science of The Total Environment, 256: 87.
APHA WWA, WEF 2005, Standard methods for examination of water and wastewater, 21st Edition, American Public Health Association, Washington DC.
Baby, J, Raj, JS, Biby, ET, Sankarganesh, P, Jeevitha, MV, Ajisha, SU & Rajan, SS 2010, Toxic effect of heavy metals on aquatic environment. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences, 4.
Congeevaram, S, Dhanarani, S, Park, J, Dexilin, M, Thamaraiselvi, K, Biosorption of chromium and nickel by heavy metal resistant fungal and bacterial isolates. Journal of Hazardous Materials.
Dauvalter, VA 1998, Heavy metals in the bottom sediments of the Inari-Pasvik lake-river system. Water Research, 25: 451.
Ebrahimpour, M & Mushrifah, I 2008, Heavy metal concentrations in water and sediments in Tasik Chini, a freshwater lake, Malaysia. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 141: 297-307.
Forouhar Vajargah, M, Sattari, M, Imanpour Namin, J & Bibak, M 2020. Length-weight, length-length relationships and condition factor of Rutilus kutum (Actinopterygii: Cyprinidae) from the southern Caspian Sea, Iran. Journal of Animal Diversity, 2:56-61. [In Persian].
Forouhar Vajargah, M, Sattari, M, Imanpour Namin, J, Bibak, M 2021, Evaluation of trace elements contaminations in skin tissue of Rutilus kutum Kamensky 1901 from the south of the Caspian Sea. Journal of Advances in Environmental Health Research, DOI: 10.22102/jaehr.2021.259190.1201. [In Persian].
Forouhar Vajargah, M, Sattari, M, Imanpur, J & Bibak, M 2020. Length-weight relationship and some growth parameters of Rutilus kutum (Kaminski 1901) in the South Caspian Sea. Experimental Animal Biology, 9:11-20, [In Persian].
Garai, P, Banerjee, P, Mondal, P & Saha, NC 2021, Effect of Heavy Metals on Fishes: Toxicity and Bioaccumulation. Journal of Clinical Toxicology. S18: 001.
Ikem, A & Egiebor, NO 2005, Assessment of trace elements in canned fishes (mackerel, tuna, salmon, sardines and herrings) marketed in Georgia and Alabama (United States of America). Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 18: 771-787.
Jaiswal, A, Verma, A & Jaiswal, P 2018, Detrimental effects of heavy metals in soil, plants, and aquatic ecosystems and in humans. Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology, 37.
Jakimska, A, Konieczka, P, Skóra, K & Namieśnik, J 2011, Bioaccumulation of metals in tissues of marine animals, Part II: metal concentrations in animal tissues. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 20.
Karadede, H, Oymak, SA & Unlü, E 2004, Heavy metals in mullet, Liza abu, and catfish, Silurus triostegus, from the Atatürk Dam Lake (Euphrates), Turkey. Environment International, 30: 183-188, DOI: 10.1016/S0160-4120(03)00169-7. PMID: 14749107.
Karadede Akin & Ünlü, HE 2007, Heavy metal concentrations in water, sediment, fish and some benthic organisms from Tigris River, Turkey. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 131: 323-337.
Koki, IB, Bayero, AS, Umar, A, & Yusuf, S 2015, Health risk assessment of heavy metals in water, air, soil and fish. African journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry, 9: 204-210.
Kouidri, M, Benabdellah, I, Ghoubali, R, Bernoussi, A & Lagha, A 2016, Enrichment and geoaccumulation of heavy metals and risk assessment of sediments from coast of Ain Temouchent (Algeria). Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 9: 354.
Lamas, S, Fernandez, JA, Aboal, JR, Carballeris, A 2007, Testing the use of juvenile Salmo trutta L., as biomonitors of heavy metal pollution in freshwater. Chemosphere, 67: 211.
Li, X, Shen, Z, Wai, OW & Li, YS 2000, Chemical partitioning of heavy metal contaminants in sediments of the Pearl River Estuary. Chemical Speciation & Bioavailability, 12: 17-25.
Liang, Y & Worng, MH 2003, spatial and temporal organic and heavy metal pollution at Mai Po marshes, Nature Reserve, Hong kong. Chemosphere, 52: 1647-1658.
Luo, J, Ye, Y, Gao, Z & Wang, W 2014, Essential and nonessential elements in the red-crowned crane Grus japonensis of Zhalong Wetland, north-eastern China. Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry, 96: 1096-1105.
Malik, DS & Maurya, PK 2014, Heavy metal concentration in water, sediment, and tissues of fish species (Heteropneustis fossilis and Puntius ticto) from Kali River, India. Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry, 96: 1195-1206.
Mansour, SA & Sidky, MM 2002, Ecotoxicological studies. 3. Heavy metals contaminating water and fish from Fayoum Governorate, Egypt. Food Chemistry, 78: 15-22.
Mohammadi, MA, Sary, A & Khodadadi, M 2011, Determination of heavy metals in two barbs, Barbus grypus and Barbus xanthopterus in Karoon and Dez rivers, Khuzestan, Iran. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 87: 158-162 (In Persian).
Mohammed, MA 1993, Sadam River and sand dunes. MSc. Dissertation, College of Arts, University of Basrah, Iraq, 86 p.
Muhsin, AH 2011, Pollution by heavy metals and bioaccumulation in Aquatic invertebrates in water surface in Basrah. PhD Dissertation, College of Education, University of Basrah, Iraq, 214 p.
Mustafa, SA, Al Rudainy, AJ & Samawi, SMA 2020, Histopathology and level of Bioaccumulation of some Heavy Metals in Fish, Carasobarbus luteus and Cyprinus carpio tissues Caught from Tigris River, Baghdad. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 51:698–704.
Nakanishi, Y, Sumita, M, Yumita, K, Yamada, T & Honjo, T 2004, Heavy metal pollution and its state in algae in Kakehashi river and Godani river at the foot of Ogoya mine, Ishikawa prefecture. Analytical Science, 20: 73-78.
Obasohan, EE, Agbonlahor, DE & Obano, EE 2010, Water pollution: A review of microbial quality and health concerns of water, sediment and fish in the aquatic ecosystem. African Journal of Biotechnology, 9.
Olsson, P, Kling, P & Hogstrand, C 2013, Mechanisms of heavy metal accumulation and toxicity in fish. In: Metal metabolism in aquatic environments, 2nd Edition, WJ, Langston, MJ, Bebianno (Eds.), Springer Science & Business Media: Berlin, Germany, 7: 321–338, ISBN 9781475727616.
Sargin, I, Arslan, G & Kaya, M 2016, Efficiency of chitosan-algal biomass composite microbeads at heavy metal removal. Reactive and Functional Polymers, 98: 38.
Sattari, M, Bibak, M & Forouhar Vajargah, M 2020d, Evaluation of trace elements contaminations in muscles of Rutilus kutum (Pisces: Cyprinidae) from the Southern shores of the Caspian Sea. Environmental Health Engineering and Management Journal, 7: 89-96.
Sattari, M, Bibak, M, Bakhshalizadeh, S & Forouhar Vajargah, M 2020b, Element accumulations in liver and kidney tissues of some bony fish species in the Southwest Caspian Sea. Journal of Cell and Molecular Research, 12: 33-40.
Sattari, M, Imanpour Namin, J, Bibak, M, Forouhar Vajargah, M and Mazareiy, MH 2020c, Trace elements contamination in Alosa braschnikowi of the southern basins of Caspian Sea, Guilan Province. Journal of Animal Environment, 12: 115-122. [In Persian].
Sattari, M, Imanpour, J, Bibak, M, Forouhar Vajargah, M & Khosravi, A 2019c, Investigation of metal element concentrations in tissue of Rutilus frisii in the Southwest Caspian Sea. Iranian Scientific Fisheries Journal, 28: 149-161. [In Persian].
Sattari, M, Namin, JI, Bibak, M, Vajargah, MF, Bakhshalizadeh, S & Faggio, C 2019a, Determination of trace element accumulation in gonads of Rutilus kutum (Kamensky, 1901) from the south Caspian Sea trace element contaminations in gonads. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological Sciences, pp. 1-8, DOI: 10.1007/s40011-019-01150-5. [In Persian].
Sattari, M, Namin, JI, Bibak, M, Vajargah, MF, Faggio, C and Haddad, MS 2019b, Trace and macro elements bioaccumulation in the muscle and liver tissues of Alburnus chalcoides from the south Caspian Sea and potential human health risk assessment. Journal of Energy, Environmental & Chemical Engineering, 1: 13- 20.
Sattari, M, Namin, JI, Bibak, M, Vajargah, MF, Hedayati, A, Khosravi, A & Mazareiy, MH 2019d, Morphological comparison of western and eastern populations of Caspian kutum, Rutilus kutum (Kamensky, 1901) (Cyprinidae) in the southern Caspian Sea. International Journal of Aquatic Biology, 6: 242-247.
Sattari, M, Vajargah, MF, Bibak, M & Bakhshalizadeh, S 2020a, Relationship between trace element content in the brain of bony fish species and their food items in the southwest of the Caspian Sea due to anthropogenic activities. Avicenna Journal of Environmental Health Engineering, 7: 78-85.
Shah, AI 2017, Heavy metal impact on aquatic life and human health–an over view. In IAIA17 Conference Proceedings| IA’s Contribution in Addressing Climate Change, 37th Annual Conference of the International Association for Impact Assessment, pp. 4-7.
Shyleshchandran, MN, Mohan, M & Ramasamy, EV 2018, Risk assessment of heavy metals in Vembanad Lake sediments (south-west coast of India), based on acid-volatile sulfide (AVS)-simultaneously extracted metal (SEM) approach. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 25: 7333-7345.
Twardowska, I, Allen, HE, Haggblom, MM & Stefaniak, S 2006, Soil and Water Pollution Monitoring, Protection and Remediation. Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands, ISBN-13: 978-1-4020-4728-2, pp. 107-114.
World Health Organization (WHO) 2011, WHO Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality, 4th ed.; WHO Publications: Geneva, Switzerland, pp. 307–340, ISBN 978 92 4 154815 1.
Yingjun, W, Jia, L, Yun, L, Hangbiao, J, Shihuai, D & Yunmin, Z 2012, Effects of cerium on growth and physiological characteristics of Anabaena flosaquae. Journal of Rare Earths, 30: 1287–1292.
Zulkifli, SZ, Ismail, A, Mohamat Yusuff, F, Arai, T & Miyazaki, N 2010, Johor strait as a hotspot for trace elements contamination in Peninsular Malaysia. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 8: 568-573.
تعداد مشاهده مقاله: 493
تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله: 464