|تعداد مشاهده مقاله||7,225,678|
|تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله||5,611,138|
Risk exposure of dairy cows to environmental contamination of brick kilns on milk content of antioxidants and heavy metals in Al-Nahrawan region, Iraq
|Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences|
|دوره 20، شماره 3، مهر 2022، صفحه 491-502 اصل مقاله (1.1 M)|
|نوع مقاله: Research Paper|
|شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): 10.22124/cjes.2022.5642|
|Maha A. Razooqi*|
|Department of Veterinary Public Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq|
|Long-term exposure to large quantities of toxic gases and heavy metals emitted by brick kilns can affect directly or indirectly on farm lactating animals, which influencing human health through consumption of their dairy products. Therefore, we investigated concentrations of heavy metals (HMs) including cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb), as well as hydrogen sulfide (H2S), antioxidants, catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in addition to malondialdehyde (MDA) in fresh milk. Totally, we selected 180 lactating cows; 140 reared / pastured near the active brick kilns as exposed group, and 40 cows existed at agricultural regions as control group during June-August 2021. The findings of exhibited a significant elevation in Cd, Pb, H2S and MDA, while decrease in CAT, GPx and SOD levels in exposed group. Among different age groups, there were variable significant values for the examined parameters. In the cases of Cd, Pb and H2S levels, significant higher values were observed in a group of >8 year-olds in comparison with a group of < 4, while in the cases of CAT, GPx and SOD, significant drops were detected in the over 8-year-old cows than in the 4-8 and < 4. Elevated values of MDA by age increasing were also observed. In conclusion, milk and its derivatives may likely exposed to HMs contamination. To date, available information is fragmentary; therefore, further studies of milky products are essential to monitor an existence of HMs regularly and to provide important information about their HM contents.|
|Cadmium؛ Lead؛ Hydrogen sulfide؛ Catalase؛ Malondialdehyde؛ Iraq|
Achakzai, K, Khalid, S & Bibi, A 2017, Determination of heavy metals in agricultural soil adjacent to functional brick kilns: a case study of Rawalpindi. Science Technology and Development, 34: 122-129.
Al Attabi, Z, D’Arcy, BR & Deeth, HC 2014, Volatile sulphur compounds in pasteurised and UHT milk during storage. Dairy Science and Technology, 94: 241-253.
Alizadeh, S & Mirarab-Razi, J 2016, Growth and accumulation responses of Populus nigra L. exposed to hexavalent chromium excess. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences, 14: 253-261.
Alonso, ML, Benedito, JL, Miranda, M, Castillo, C, Hernández, J & Shore, RF 2000, Arsenic, cadmium, lead, copper and zinc in cattle from Galicia, NW Spain. Science of the Total Environment, 246: 237-248.
Anetta, L, Peter, M, Agnieszka, G & Jozef, G 2021, Concentration of selected elements in raw and ultra heat treated cow milk. Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology and Food Sciences, 2: 795-802.
Ayala, A, Muñoz, MF & Argüelles, S 2014, Lipid peroxidation: production, metabolism, and signalling mechanisms of malondialdehyde and 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal. Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, = (360438): 1-31.
Bhardwaj, H, Singh, C & Nayyar, S 2021a, Assessment of adverse effects of lead, nickel and cadmium on biochemical parameters, antioxidants status and metallothionein expression in buffaloes slaughtered at local abattoir. Indian Journal of Animal Research, 1: 8.
Bhardwaj, H, Singh, C, Kumar, BS & Singh, D 2021b, Role of metallothionein to moderate heavy metals toxicity in animals: A review. Cancer, 8: 9.
Bilal, M, Rasheed, T, Sosa Hernández, JE, Raza, A, Nabeel, F & Iqbal, H 2018, Biosorption: an interplay between marine algae and potentially toxic elements- A review. Marine drugs, 16: 65.
Bilandžić, N, Đokić, M, Sedak, M, Solomun, B, Varenina, I, Knežević, Z & Benić, M 2011, Trace element levels in raw milk from northern and southern regions of Croatia. Food Chemistry, 127: 63-66.
Casalino, E, Calzaretti, G, Sblano, C & Landriscina, C 2002, Molecular inhibitory mechanisms of antioxidant enzymes in rat liver and kidney by cadmium. Toxicology, 179: 37-50.
Chirinos Peinado, DM & Castro Bedriñana, JI 2020, Lead and cadmium blood levels and transfer to milk in cattle reared in a mining area. Heliyon, 6: e03579.
da Silveira, CG, Di Domenico, M, Hilário Nascimento Saldiva, P & Ramos Rhoden, C 2018, Subchronic air pollution exposure increases highly palatable food intake, modulates caloric efficiency and induces lipoperoxidation. Inhalation Toxicology, 30: 370-380.
David, M, Afzal, M, Shoaib, M, Aman, F, Cloete, KJ, Turi, N & Jahan, S 2020, Study of occupational exposure to brick kiln emissions on heavy metal burden, biochemical profile, cortisol level and reproductive health risks among female workers at Rawat, Pakistan. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 27: 44073-44088.
DeWitt, JD, Chirico, PG, Alessi, MA & Boston, KM 2021, Remote sensing inventory and geospatial analysis of brick kilns and clay quarrying in Kabul, Afghanistan. Minerals, 11: 296.
Dhaliwal, RS & Chhabra, S 2016, Effect of heavy metals on oxidative stress parameters of cattle inhabiting budhhanallah area of Ludhiana district in Punjab. Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology, 7: 352.
Dobrzanski, Z, Kolacz, R, Górecka, H, Chojnacka, K & Bartkowiak, A 2005, The content of microelements and trace elements in raw milk from cows in the Silesian region. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 14: 685.
Drewnoski, ME, Doane, P & Hansen, SL 2014, Ferric citrate decreases ruminal hydrogen sulphide concentrations in feedlot cattle fed diets high in sulphate. British Journal of Nutrition, 111: 261-269.
Duruibe, JO, Ogwuegbu, MOC & Egwurugwu, JN 2007, Heavy metal pollution and human biotoxic effects. International Journal of Physical Sciences, 2: 112-118.
El Beltagi, HS & Mohamed, HI 2013, Reactive oxygen species, lipid peroxidation and antioxidative defence mechanism. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 41: 44-57.
Enb, A, Abou Donia, MA, Abd Rabou, NS, Abou Arab, AAK & El Senaity, MH 2009, Chemical composition of raw milk and heavy metals behaviour during processing of milk products. Global Veterinaria, 3: 268-275.
Esposito, M, Miedico, O, Cavallo, S, Pellicanò, R, Rosato, G, Baldi, L & Chiaravalle, AE 2017, Trace elements in raw milk of buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) from Campania, Italy. Food Chemistry, 233: 378-384.
Forcina, GC & Dixon, SJ 2019, GPX4 at the crossroads of lipid homeostasis and ferroptosis. Proteomics, 19: 1800311.
Forouhar Vajargah, M, Sattari, M, Imanpur, J & Bibak, M 2020. Length-weight relationship and some growth parameters of Rutilus kutum (Kaminski 1901) in the South Caspian Sea. Experimental Animal Biology, 9:11-20.
Forouhar Vajargah, M, Sattari, M, Imanpour Namin, J & Bibak, M 2020. Length-weight, length-length relationships and condition factor of Rutilus kutum (Actinopterygii: Cyprinidae) from the southern Caspian Sea, Iran. Journal of Animal Diversity, 2:56-61.
Forouhar Vajargah, M, Sattari, M, Imanpour Namin, J, Bibak, M 2021, Evaluation of trace elements contaminations in skin tissue of Rutilus kutum Kamensky 1901 from the south of the Caspian Sea. Journal of Advances in Environmental Health Research, DOI: 10.22102/jaehr.2021.259190.1201
Fuertes, E, van der Plaat, DA & Minelli, C 2020, Antioxidant genes and susceptibility to air pollution for respiratory and cardiovascular health. Free Radical Biology and Medicine, 151: 88-98.
Gong, J, Zhu, T, Kipen, H, Wang, G, Hu, M, Ohman Strickland, P & Zhang, JJ 2013, Malondialdehyde in exhaled breath condensate and urine as a biomarker of air pollution induced oxidative stress. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology, 23: 322-327.
Halliwell, B & Gutteridge, JM 2015, Free radicals in biology and medicine. Oxford University Press, USA.
Hassan, SS 2005, Quality assurance of various dairy products. Pakistan:(MSc Thesis) Department of Chemistry, University of Peshawar.
Huang, C, Nichols, C, Liu, Y, Zhang, Y, Liu, X, Gao, S & Ren, A 2015, Ambient air pollution and adverse birth outcomes: a natural experiment study. Population Health Metrics, 13: 1-7.
Hussan, A 2020, The repercussions of development: brick kilns a boon (economy) or bane (environment), An observation made through analysis of some air parameters. Plant Arch, 20: 1945-1948.
Imed, M, Fatima, H & Abdelhamid, K 2008, Protective effects of selenium (Se) and zinc (Zn) on cadmium (Cd) toxicity in the liver and kidney of the rat: histology and Cd accumulation. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 46: 3522-3527.
Jaishankar, M, Tseten, T, Anbalagan, N, Mathew, BB & Beeregowda, KN 2014, Toxicity, mechanism and health effects of some heavy metals. Interdisciplinary Toxicology, 7: 60.
Janbakhsh, S, Hosseini Shekarabi, S & Shamsaie Mergan, M 2018, Nutritional value and heavy metal content of fishmeal from the Southwest Caspian Sea. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences, 16: 307-317, DOI: 10.22124/cjes.2018.3200.
Jan, AT, Azam, M, Siddiqui, K, Ali, A, Choi, I & Haq, QM 2015, Heavy metals and human health: mechanistic insight into toxicity and counter defense system of antioxidants. International Journal of Molecular sciences, 16: 29592-29630.
Kilburn, KH, Thrasher, JD & Gray, MR 2010, Low-level hydrogen sulfide and central nervous system dysfunction. Toxicology and Industrial Health, 26: 387-405.
Kim, TK 2017, Understanding one-way ANOVA using conceptual figures. Korean Journal of Anesthesiology, 70: 22.
Kloke, A, Sauerbeck, DR & Vetter, H 1984, The contamination of plants and soils with heavy metals and the transport of metals in terrestrial food chains. Changing Metal Cycles and Human Health, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp: 113-141.
Koyuncu, M, & Alwazeer, D 2019, Determination of trace elements, heavy metals, and antimony in polyethylene terephthalate–bottled local raw cow milk of Iğdır region in Turkey. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 191: 1-10.
Lewis, RJ & Copley, GB 2015, Chronic low-level hydrogen sulfide exposure and potential effects on human health: A review of the epidemiological evidence. Critical Reviews in Toxicology, 45: 93-123.
Maas, S, Lucot, E, Gimbert, F, Crini, N & Badot, PM 2011, Trace metals in raw cows’ milk and assessment of transfer to Comté cheese. Food Chemistry, 129: 7-12.
Martin, S & Griswold, W 2009, Human health effects of heavy metals. Environmental Science and Technology Briefs for Citizens, 15: 1-6.
Miranda, M, Castillo, C, Hernández, J & Benedito, JL 2003, Cadmium and lead accumulation in cattle in NW Spain. Veterinary and Human Toxicology, 45: 128-130.
Mudgal, V, Madaan, N, Mudgal, A, Singh, RB & Mishra, S 2010, Effect of toxic metals on human health. The Open Nutraceuticals Journal, 3.
Nagajyoti, PC, Lee, KD & Sreekanth, TVM 2010, Heavy metals, occurrence and toxicity for plants: a review. Environmental Chemistry Letters, 8: 199-216.
Nasir, M, Rehman, FU, Kishwar, S, Bashir, S & Adil, M 2021, Air pollution and child health: the impact of brick kiln pollution on children's cognitive abilities and physical health in Pakistan. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 1-17.
Newairy, AA, El Sharaky, AS, Badreldeen, MM, Eweda, SM & Sheweita, SA 2007, The hepatoprotective effects of selenium against cadmium toxicity in rats. Toxicology, 242: 23-30.
Okareh, OT & Oladipo, TA 2015, Determination of heavy metals in selected tissues and organs of slaughtered cattle from Akinyele Central Abattoir, Ibadan, Nigeria. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, 5: 124-8.
Papanikolaou, NC, Hatzidaki, EG, Belivanis, S, Tzanakakis, GN & Tsatsakis, AM 2005, Lead toxicity update. A brief review. Medical Science Monitor, 11: RA329-RA336.
Patrick, L 2006, Lead toxicity part II: the role of free radical damage and the use of antioxidants in the pathology and treatment of lead toxicity. Alternative Medicine Review, 11.
Pilarczyk, R, Wójcik, J, Czerniak, P, Sablik, P, Pilarczyk, B & Tomza Marciniak, A 2013, Concentrations of toxic heavy metals and trace elements in raw milk of Simmental and Holstein-Friesian cows from organic farm. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 185: 8383-8392.
Rahimi, E 2013, Lead and cadmium concentrations in goat, cow, sheep, and buffalo milks from different regions of Iran. Food chemistry, 136: 389-391.
Rasheed, A, Aneja, VP, Aiyyer, A & Rafique, U 2015, Measurement and analysis of fine particulate matter (PM2. 5) in urban areas of Pakistan. Aerosol and Air Quality Research, 15: 426-439.
Ravankhah, N, Mirzaei, R, & Masoum, S 2017, Determination of heavy metals in surface soils around the brick kilns in an arid region, Iran. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 176: 91-99.
Romieu, I, Barraza Villarreal, A, Escamilla Nuñez, C, Almstrand, AC, Diaz Sanchez, D, Sly, PD & Olin, AC 2008. Exhaled breath malondialdehyde as a marker of effect of exposure to air pollution in children with asthma. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 121: 903-909.
Rubio, MR, Sigrist, ME, Encinas, T, Baroni, EE, Coronel, JE, Boggio, JC & Beldomenico, HR 1998, Cadmium and lead levels in cow's milk from a milking region in Santa Fe, Argentine. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 60: 164-167.
Sattari, M, Namin, JI, Bibak, M, Vajargah, MF, Bakhshalizadeh, S & Faggio, C 2019a, Determination of trace element accumulation in gonads of Rutilus kutum (Kamensky, 1901) from the south Caspian Sea trace element contaminations in gonads. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological Sciences, pp.1-8. DOI: 10.1007/s40011-019-01150-5.
Sattari, M, Namin, JI, Bibak, M, Vajargah, MF, Faggio, C & Haddad, MS 2019b, Trace and macro elements bioaccumulation in the muscle and liver tissues of Alburnus chalcoides from the south Caspian Sea and potential human health risk assessment. Journal of Energy, Environmental & Chemical Engineering, 1: 13- 20.
Sattari, M, Imanpour, J, Bibak, M, Forouhar Vajargah, M & Khosravi, A 2019c, Investigation of metal element concentrations in tissue of Rutilus frisii in the Southwest Caspian Sea. Iranian Scientific Fisheries Journal, 28: 149-161 (In Persian).
Sattari, M, Namin, JI, Bibak, M, Vajargah, MF, Hedayati, A, Khosravi, A & Mazareiy, MH 2019d, Morphological comparison of western and eastern populations of Caspian kutum, Rutilus kutum (Kamensky 1901) (Cyprinidae) in the southern Caspian Sea. International Journal of Aquatic Biology, 6: 242-247.
Sattari, M, Vajargah, MF, Bibak, M & Bakhshalizadeh, S 2020a, Relationship between trace element content in the brain of bony fish species and their food items in the southwest of the Caspian Sea due to anthropogenic activities. Avicenna Journal of Environmental Health Engineering, 7: 78-85.
Sattari, M, Bibak, M, Bakhshalizadeh, S & Forouhar Vajargah, M 2020b, Element accumulations in liver and kidney tissues of some bony fish species in the Southwest Caspian Sea. Journal of Cell and Molecular Research, 12: 33-40.
Sattari, M, Imanpour Namin, J, Bibak, M, Forouhar Vajargah, M and Mazareiy, MH 2020c, Trace elements contamination in Alosa braschnikowi of the southern basins of Caspian Sea-Guilan Province. Journal of Animal Environment, 12: 115-122.
Sattari, M, Bibak, M & Forouhar Vajargah, M 2020d, Evaluation of trace elements contaminations in muscles of Rutilus kutum (Pisces: Cyprinidae) from the Southern shores of the Caspian Sea. Environmental Health Engineering and Management Journal, 7: 89-96.
Savci, S 2012, An agricultural pollutant: chemical fertilizer. International Journal of Environmental Science and Development, 3: 73.
Seyyednejad, SM, Niknejad, M & Koochak, H 2011, A review of some different effects of air pollution on plants. Research Journal of Environmental Sciences, 5: 302.
Shen, X, Chi, Y & Xiong, K 2019, The effect of heavy metal contamination on humans and animals in the vicinity of a zinc smelting facility. PLoS One, 14: e0207423.
Shrestha, S & Thygerson, SM 2019, Brick kilns of Nepal: a non-governmental organization perspective. Open Journal of Safety Science and Technology, 9: 1.
Singh, A, Kumar, M, Kumar, V, Roy, D, Kushwaha, R, Vaswani, S & Kumar, A 2019, Effects of nickel supplementation on antioxidant status, immune characteristics, and energy and lipid metabolism in growing cattle. Biological Trace Element Research, 190: 65-75.
Singh, M, Sharma, R, Ranvir, S, Gandhi, K & Mann, B 2020, Assessment of contamination of milk and milk products with heavy metals. Indian Journal of Dairy Science, 72.
Sinha, P, Kriegner, CJ, Schew, WA, Kaczmar, SW, Traister, M & Wilson, DJ 2008, Regulatory policy governing cadmium-telluride photovoltaics: A case study contrasting life cycle management with the precautionary principle. Energy Policy, 36: 381-387.
Skinder, BM, Sheikh, AQ, Pandit, AK & Ganai, BA 2014, Brick kiln emissions and its environmental impact: A review. Journal of Ecology and the Natural Environment, 6: 1-11.
Slivinska, LG, Shcherbatyy, AR, Lukashchuk, BO & Gutyj, BV 2020, The state of antioxidant protection system in cows under the influence of heavy metals. Regulatory Mechanisms in Biosystems, 11: 237-242.
Somers, CM 2011, Ambient air pollution exposure and damage to male gametes: human studies and in situ ‘sentinel’animal experiments. Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine, 57: 63-71.
Sun, F, Yun, DAI & Yu, X 2017, Air pollution, food production and food security: A review from the perspective of food system. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 16: 2945-2962.
Swathy, LS & Ayona, J 2017, Effect of heavy metal stress (cadmium) on morphological physiological activity and anatomy of cow pea plant (Vigna uncuigulata). International Journal for Research in Applied Science and Engineering Technology, 5: 281-290.
Tajkarimi, M, Faghih, MA, Poursoltani, H, Nejad, AS, Motallebi, AA & Mahdavi, H 2008, Lead residue levels in raw milk from different regions of Iran. Food Control, 19: 495-498.
Tchounwou, PB, Yedjou, CG, Patlolla, AK & Sutton, DJ 2012, Heavy metal toxicity and the environment in Molecular, clinical and environmental toxicology, 101 (Ed. A, Luch): 133-164.
Tomza Marciniak, A, Pilarczyk, B, Bąkowska, M, Pilarczyk, R, Wójcik, J, Marciniak, A & Hendzel, D2011, Relationship between selenium and selected heavy metals concentration in serum of cattle from a non-polluted area. Biological Trace Element Research, 144: 517-524.
Turkyilmaz, A, Sevik, H & Cetin, M 2018, The use of perennial needles as biomonitors for recently accumulated heavy metals. Landscape and Ecological Engineering, 14: 115-120.
Von Essen, SG & Auvermann, BW 2005, Health effects from breathing air near CAFOs for feeder cattle or hogs. Journal of Agromedicine, 10: 55-64.
Wani, AL, Ara, A & Usmani, JA 2015, Lead toxicity: A review. Interdisciplinary Toxicology, 8: 5564.
Zhang, W, Zhang, Y, Gong, J, Yang, B, Zhang, Z, Wang, B & Yue, K 2020, Comparison of the suitability of plant species for greenbelt construction based on particulate matter capture capacity, air pollution tolerance index, and antioxidant system. Environmental Pollution, 263: 114615.
Yabanli, M, Alparslan, Y, Hasanhocaoglu Yapici, H, Yapici, S, Yozukmaz, A 2016, Determination of heavy metal content in commercial marine fish hunted From Southeast Aegean Sea (Turkey) and their potential risk for public health. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences, 14: 1-13.
تعداد مشاهده مقاله: 400
تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله: 359