|تعداد مشاهده مقاله||7,635,968|
|تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله||5,855,978|
Rice husk and activated carbon-silica as potential bioadsorbents for wastewater purification
|Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences|
|دوره 19، شماره 4، دی 2021، صفحه 661-672 اصل مقاله (859.4 K)|
|نوع مقاله: Research Paper|
|شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): 10.22124/cjes.2021.5139|
|Mousa Mohammadpour1؛ Hossein Babazadeh* 1؛ Ali Afrous2؛ Ebrahim Pazira3|
|1Department of Water Science and Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran|
|2Department of Water Engineering, Dezful Branch, Islamic Azad University, Dezful, Iran|
|3Department of Soil Science, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran|
|Heavy metals are generally found in industrial wastewaters, affecting human health and living organisms. This study was therefore aimed to use bioadsorbents rice husk and activated carbon-silica to efficiently remove the heavy metals including lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) from an aqueous wastewater. The effects of bioadsorbent content, initial concentration, contact time, and pH value on the metal removal were investigated. An increased metal initial concentration lowered the removal efficiency of the bioadsorbents, and pH 6 provided the best condition for the removal of Pb and Cd. The use of rice husk and activated carbon-silica at pH 6 resulted in a maximum metal removal of 81% and 98% for Pb, while 88% and 100% for Cd respectively. The adsorption parameters were then determined by the Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherms, and the experimental data were better fitted in the Freundlich adsorption isotherm model in comparison with the Langmuir adsorption isotherm model.|
|Bio-adsorbent؛ Cadmium؛ Freundlich؛ Langmuir؛ Lead|
Abbas, MN & Abbas, FS 2013, Utilization of Iraqi Rice Husk in the Removal of Heavy Metals from Wastewater. Research Journal of Environmental and Earth Sciences, 5: 370-380.
Abdulrazak, S, Hussaini, K & Sani, HM 2017, Evaluation of removal efficiency of heavy metals by low-cost activated carbon prepared from African palm fruit. Applied Water Science, 7: 3151-3155.
Ahmad, M, Usman, AR, Lee, SS, Kim, SC, Joo, JH, Yang, JE & Ok, YS 2012, Eggshell and coral wastes as low cost sorbents for the removal of Pb2+, Cd2+ and Cu2+ from aqueous solutions. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 18: 198-204.
Ahmaruzzaman, M 2010, A review on the utilization of fly ash. Progress in energy and combustion science, 36: 327-363.
Ajmal, M, Rao, RAK, Anwar, S, Ahmad, J & Ahmad, R 2003, Adsorption studies on rice husk: Removal and recovery of Cd (II) from wastewater. Bioresource technology, 86: 147-149.
Al-Harahsheh, MS, Al Zboon, K, Al-Makhadmeh, L, Hararah, M & Mahasneh, M 2015, Fly ash based geopolymer for heavy metal removal: A case study on copper removal. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 3: 1669-1677.
Al-Zboon, K, Al-Harahsheh, MS & Hani, FB 2011, Fly ash-based geopolymer for Pb removal from aqueous solution. Journal of hazardous materials, 188: 414-421.
Amarasinghe, BMWPK & Williams, RA 2007, Tea waste as a low cost adsorbent for the removal of Cu and Pb from wastewater. Chemical Engineering Journal, 132: 299-309.
Anwar, J, Shafique, U, Salman, M, Zaman, Waheed & Memoona, M 2009, Adsorption study of cadmium (II) and lead (II) on radish peels. Journal of Scientific Research, 39: 29.
Argun, ME, Dursun, S, Ozdemir, C & Karatas, M 2007, Heavy metal adsorption by modified oak sawdust: Thermodynamics and kinetics. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 141: 77-85.
Babel, S & Kurniawan, TA 2003, Low-cost adsorbents for heavy metals uptake from contaminated water: a review. Journal of hazardous materials, 97: 219-243.
Cetin, S & Pehlivan, E 2007, The use of fly ash as a low cost, environmentally friendly alternative to activated carbon for the removal of heavy metals from aqueous solutions. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 298: 83-87.
Chuah, TG, Jumasiah, A, Azni, I, Katayon, S & Choong, ST 2005, Rice husk as a potentially low-cost biosorbent for heavy metal and dye removal: an overview. Desalination, 175: 305-316.
Freundlich, HMF 1906, Uber die adsorption in losungen, zeitschrift fur phtsikalische chemie. American Chemical Society, 62: 121-125.
Gumus, RH & Okpeku, I 2014, Production of activated carbon and characterization from snail shell waste (Helix pomatia). Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science, 5: 51.
Gupta, VK & Rastogi, A 2008, Biosorption of lead (II) from aqueous solutions by non-living algal biomass Oedogonium sp. and Nostoc sp.—a comparative study. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 64: 170-178.
Gupta, VK, Jain, CK, Ali, I, Sharma, M & Saini, VK 2003, Removal of cadmium and nickel from wastewater using bagasse fly ash—a sugar industry waste. Water Research, 37: 4038-4044.
Imamoglu, M & Tekir, O 2008, Removal of copper (II) and lead (II) ions from aqueous solutions by adsorption on activated carbon from a new precursor hazelnut husks. Desalination, 228: 108-113.
Kumar, R, Bishnoi, NR & Bishnoi, K 2008, Biosorption of chromium (VI) from aqueous solution and electroplating wastewater using fungal biomass. Chemical Engineering Journal, 135: 202-208.
Langmuir, I 1916, The constitution and fundamental properties of solids and liquids. Part I. Solids. Journal of the American chemical society, 38: 2221-2295.
Li, Q, Zhai, J, Zhang, W, Wang, M & Zhou, J 2007, Kinetic studies of adsorption of Pb (II), Cr (III) and Cu (II) from aqueous solution by sawdust and modified peanut husk. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 141: 163-167.
Low, KS, Lee, CK & Leo, AC 1995, Removal of metals from electroplating wastes using banana pith. Bioresource Technology, 51: 227-231.
Mohan, S & Sreelakshmi, G 2008, Fixed bed column study for heavy metal removal using phosphate treated rice husk. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 153: 75-82.
Mousa, WM, Soliman, SI, El-Bialy, AB & Shier, HA 2013, Removal of some heavy metals from aqueous solution using rice straw. Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 9: 1696-1701.
Pham, TT, Hoang, MT, Nguyen, MK, Dinh, TH, Han, LP & Bruggen, BV 2015, Evaluation of chemical modified sugarcane bagasse for cadmium removal in aqueous environment. International Proceedings of Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering, 88: 6-10.
Pratush, A, Kumar, A & Hu, Z 2018, Adverse effect of heavy metals (As, Pb, Hg, and Cr) on health and their bioremediation strategies: A review. International Microbiology, 21: 97-106.
Raji, C & Anirudha, TS 1997, Chromium (VI) adsorption by sawdust carbon: Kinetics and equilibrium.
Salam, OEA, Reiad, NA & ElShafei, MM 2011, A study of the removal characteristics of heavy metals from wastewater by low-cost adsorbents. Journal of Advanced Research, 2: 297-303.
Shah, I, Adnan, R, Ngah, WSW & Mohamed, N 2015, Iron impregnated activated carbon as an efficient adsorbent for the removal of methylene blue: regeneration and kinetics studies. PlOS one, 10.
Sharma, YC, Upadhyay, SN & Weng, CH 2008, Studies on an economically viable remediation of chromium rich waters and wastewaters by PTPS fly ash. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 317: 222-228.
Singanan, M 2011, Removal of lead (II) and cadmium (II) ions from wastewater using activated biocarbon. Science Asia, 37: 115-119.
Sricharoenchaikul, V, Pechyen, C, Aht-ong, D & Atong, D 2007, Preparation and characterization of activated carbon from the pyrolysis of physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) waste. Energy & Fuels, 22: 31-37.
Tang, C, Shu, Y, Zhang, R, Li, X, Song, J, Li, B, Zhang, Y & Ou, D 2017, Comparison of the removal and adsorption mechanisms of cadmium and lead from aqueous solution by activated carbons prepared from Typha angustifolia and Salix matsudana. RSC Advances, 7: 16092-16103.
Thavamani, SS & Rajkumar, R 2013, Removal of Cr (VI), Cu (II), Pb (II) and Ni (II) from aqueous solutions by adsorption on alumina. Research Journal of Chemical Sciences, 2231: 606X.
Wong, KK, Lee, CK, Low, KS & Haron, MJ 2003, Removal of Cu and Pb from electroplating wastewater using tartaric acid modified rice husk. Process Biochemistry, 39: 437-445.
Zhang, Y & Frankenberger, WT 2003, Factors affecting removal of selenate in agricultural drainage water utilizing rice straw. Science of the Total Environment, 305: 207-216.
تعداد مشاهده مقاله: 702
تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله: 809